Because of their broad pharmacological potentials and lower side effects in biological systems, medicinal plants are particularly popular in numerous traditional medical systems. Piper nigrum L. (Family Piperaceae) is a well-known spice known as "The King of Spices" among many others. It includes the pungent alkaloid ‘‘piperine," which is thought to have a variety of pharmacological effects. By blocking many metabolizing enzymes, it increases the bioavailability of a variety of medicines and minerals.Anti-hypertensive, anti-platelet, antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-asthmatics, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal, antispasmodic, antidepressants, immunomodulatory, anticonvulsant, anti-thyroids, antibacterial, antifungal, hepato-protective, insecticidal, and larvicidal activities are just a few of the pharmacological properties Black pepper has traditionally been used to treat diarrhea, dyspepsia, cholera, and gastrointestinal problems.It contains alkaloids, flavones, steroids, and terpenes, among other active phytochemicals. Piperine is the main alkaloid contained in black pepper, accounting for around 4-6 percent of the total. Piperine has recently been discovered to be a PPAR-agonist, a ligand-activated transcription factor found in adipocytes and macrophages that promotes adipocyte development and insulin sensitivity. As a result, piperine could be used as an anti-diabetic medication. Essential oils, acids, esters, alcohol, and phenols make up this mixture. The essential oils that give it its distinct flavor are primarily made up of a group of chemical molecules known as terpenes. Black pepper's antibacterial properties are due to terpenes. Black pepper also has the ability to stimulate saliva secretion, HCL acid, digestive fluid, bile, and mucus, all of which contribute to immune stability. This study aims to give a review of the literature on pharmacognosy, pharmacological activity, and novel piperine.
Cite this article:
S.D. Mankar, M.S. Bhosale Pankaj Sonawane, Mohini Shelke. A review on Black Pepper as Antidiabetic agent: Black- Not always bad. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2022; 14(1):26-8. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2022.00006
S.D. Mankar, M.S. Bhosale Pankaj Sonawane, Mohini Shelke. A review on Black Pepper as Antidiabetic agent: Black- Not always bad. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2022; 14(1):26-8. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2022.00006 Available on: https://rjpponline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-14-1-6