Author(s): Nurul Haque, Arvind Agrawal, Atanu Kumar Pati

Email(s): dr.arvind02@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0975-4385.2023.00012   

Address: Nurul Haque1, Arvind Agrawal2*, Atanu Kumar Pati3
1Department of Botany, Govt. Kaktiya P.G. College, Jagdalpur - 494 001.
2UGC - Human Resource Development Centre, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur - 492 010.
3Executive Member of Higher Education, Odisha Government, Bhubneshwar.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Seeds are more resistant and contain more nutrition for the developing embryo as compared to spores. A seed is an embryonic plant encased in a defensive external covering. It develops at the end of sexual reproduction in Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Fundamentally, each seed contains an embryonic plant, endosperm to nourish the embryo, and an outer seed coat to protect the embryo from unfavourable environmental conditions. EMFr is a non-ionizing and non-thermal radiation. It is classified as Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) (30-300 Hz), Voice Frequency (VF) (300-3000 Hz), Very Low Frequency (VLF) (3-30 KHz), Medium Frequency (MF) (0.3-3 MHz), High Frequency (HF) (3-30 MHz), Very High Frequency (VHF) (3-300 MHz), Ultra High Frequency (UHF) (300-3000 MHz), Super High Frequency (SHF) (3-30 GHz), Extremely High Frequency (EHF) (30-300 GHz) SHF and EHF are microwaves. As some studies suggested an improvement in seed germination after EMFr exposure, it can be exploited in agriculture as well as in horticulture. We can use EMFr on recalcitrant seeds also to improve their storage behaviour.


Cite this article:
Nurul Haque, Arvind Agrawal, Atanu Kumar Pati. A Mini Review on effects of Microwave on Seed Germination. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2023; 15(1):82-6. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2023.00012

Cite(Electronic):
Nurul Haque, Arvind Agrawal, Atanu Kumar Pati. A Mini Review on effects of Microwave on Seed Germination. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2023; 15(1):82-6. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2023.00012   Available on: https://rjpponline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-15-1-12


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