Author(s): Taranisen Panda, Sarat Kumar Sahu, Master Apollo, Raj Ballav Mohanty

Email(s): taranisenpanda@yahoo.co.in

DOI: 10.52711/0975-4385.2024.00008   

Address: Taranisen Panda1*, Sarat Kumar Sahu2, Master Apollo3, Raj Ballav Mohanty4
1Department of Botany, Chandbali College, Chandbali - 756133, Odisha, India.
2Department of Botany, S.G. College, Kanikapada, Jajpur- 755011, Odisha, India.
3Department of Botany, Simulia College, Markona - 756126, Odisha, India.
4Ex-Reader in Botany, Satya Bihar, Rasulgarh, Bhubaneswar - 751010, Odisha, India.
*Corresponding author

Published In:   Volume - 16,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
The paper tries to discuss the mysterious extinction of the ancient herb known to the Romans as Silphium (Greek Silphion). It was assumed that the Silphium plants became lost in the first century AD. Moreover, evidence from the literature depicts the presence of Silphion plant up to the fifth century. Silphium in classical antiquity was used for being an aphrodisiac or as medicine. A myriad of medical properties attributed to Silphium, the most renowned use in ancient times was as a contraceptive, abortifacient, for menstrual disorders and as an emmenagogue that would expel the fetus. The valuable product was the resin. It was the indispensable article of trade from the ancient North African city of ‘Cyrene’, growing abundantly in a narrow coastal tract. It was so important a plant for the people of that locality that, most of their coins bore a picture of that plant. But unfortunately, the plant became extinct due to its over-exploitation, including over-harvesting and over-grazing, compounded by changes in the local climate.


Cite this article:
Taranisen Panda, Sarat Kumar Sahu, Master Apollo, Raj Ballav Mohanty. The Journey of Cyrenaic Medicinal Plant Silphium: A Review. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2024; 16(1):37-1. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2024.00008

Cite(Electronic):
Taranisen Panda, Sarat Kumar Sahu, Master Apollo, Raj Ballav Mohanty. The Journey of Cyrenaic Medicinal Plant Silphium: A Review. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2024; 16(1):37-1. doi: 10.52711/0975-4385.2024.00008   Available on: https://rjpponline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-16-1-8


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