A Review on Orange Peel Powder: It is best from waste
Prajakta Jejurkar, S.D. Mankar, Jadhav Harshada
Department of Pharmaceutics, Pravara Rural College of Pharmacy, Pravaranagar, Maharashtra
The antimicrobial are developed either from plants or their parts, animals or even microorganisms. Even the waste generated from the food industry is being considered as an alternative to produce natural antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory properties. The most used and wasted substance is orange peel and it is very beneficial for your health. Regular consumption of orange peel is considered highly beneficial for several health ailments. Orange Peels waste is an underutilized residue coming from the orange juice industry. Peels are a rich source of health-giving phytochemicals and they can be applied as a most natural preferable antioxidant and antimicrobial agents in food industry. Orange Peel is very useful than orange fruit. It is used topically as well as orally. Orally use as liquid dosage form and topically use as solid dosage forms.
Recent research has demonstrated that orange peel waste is a potentially valuable resource that can be developed into high value products such as metane.(1) The genus citrus belonging to the Rutaceae or Rue family. Comprises of about 140 genera and 1,300 species. Citrus sinensis (orange), citrus aurantium (source orange) are important fruit.(2)
The orange, which is consumed worldwide, is an important source of vitamin c. Peels are generally wasted while the Citrus fruit are mainly use in juice. But the peels are four time more beneficial than the fruit.(3)
Orange (Citrus sinensis, family Rutaceae) contains orange peel (op) which is important by product. The food industry is growing significantly every year.
Annually, large quantities of fruit and vegetables are grown to meet the population demand. Among the orange (citrus sinensis) production was 70.45 my in 2013. After consumption, the remaning orange peel considered waste. Therefore, the study to use the peel as various ways.(4)
The dried peels is brittle and hard, dark orange red in colour. The surface is rough with oil glands. Which are slightly raised it has aromatic taste. The oil of orange peel is pale yellow liquid, it is soluble in four volumes of alcohol. Neutral to litmus paper and specific gravity at 25c is 0.842 to 0.848. Peel contains 1 to 2.5% volatile oil. 90% limonene and small quantities of aldehyde citral, vitamin c and pectin. Orange peel use as flavouring agents use in the oil of turpentine in chronic bronchitis. It is non-irritant to kidney and pleasant to take.(5)
Peels are generally wasted while the citrus fruits are mainly used in Juice processing industries. Very large amounts of by-product are formed as waste during the production of Citrus Juice. The Pollution of environment can also be reduced by this.
Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Anticancer this all property is presence the plant materials due to many active photochemical which include the Vitamins, Flavonoids, terpenoids, Caretenoids, Cumarins, lignin etc. By-product of orange fruit is very important than Orange Pulp.(6)
The orange peel structure consists of an external coloured surface refer to as flavedo and an inner white spongy structure named albedo. Orange peel contain many nutritional values that make it an excellent diet for keeping body feet and healthy. Peeling have about the same nutritional value as flesh itself. Orange Peels is an alternative for Cecon tablet as a Vitamin C.
Sweet orange fruits contain vitamin C, Fibre, pectin, flavonoids, folic acid, ascorbic acid, terpenes as well as other bioactive components, including carotenoids and phenolic compounds. The edible orange fruits juice have antioxidant, antibacterial, microbial, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, chloragogen, good for pregnant women and nursing mother, improve digestion, promote waste lost.(7)
Green Chemistry Program for the design development and Process that are reducing eliminating the use of Product of Substance that are hazardous to human health and the Environment and to achieve the main Goals of the Green Program Comes through several dominant Trends.
CONSTITUTION OF ORANGE PEELS:
Vitamins: Vitamin C, A, B5, B6
Minerals: calcium, Iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, potassium, phosphorous
What is the Orange peel Powder?
orange peel Powder is natural herbal powder for beautiful skin or treat many diseases.
It has high concentration of vitamin, nutrients, minerals, other nutrients than the orange itself.
PROCEDURE FOR ORANGE PEEL POWDER:(8)
· Take a few fresh oranges and wash it.
· Cut thin slices of the peel and avoid the inner white part.
· Keep it covered with a thin cloth for 3 to 5 hours until it has dried up. Or another method for drying if we have short time for drying then dry in a 200 F oven, spread on parchment paper link baking sheet for about 25 to 30 minutes. If the peel starts to brown, turn of the oven for minutes and rotate the pan. Then peel will curl then make powder in mixer.
· Blend it in a mixer until you get a fine powder.
· Make sure the mixer is completely dry as the moisture can spoil the powder.
· Store this powder in an airtight jar.
BENEFICIAL USES OF ORANGE PEELS:
Orange peel powder contains Vitamin C which helps to form collagen and elastin which is the secret to beautiful skin.
· Improve digestion.
· Promote weight lost.
· Help Fight allergies.
· Potential cancer cure.
· Promote skin care.
· Help fight bad breath.
· Help to reduce inflammations.
· Improve heart health.
· Act as cholagogue.
· It is aphrodisiac.
· Good for pregnant women and nursing mother.
· Treatment for bronchitis
Ensure Principles of green chemistry are widely used. Decrease adverse impact to human health and the environment via improved design of Product and Process. Promote innovation and economic development. To develop Product that are less toxic.
The result obtained in present study show that Conclusion of process orange peels use as various way to treat disease and weight loss and use alternative to cecon tablet as a vitamin c. " It is one of the best ways of blessing from mother Nature and should definetly seek advantage of this great boon”. Due to the low cost and easy availability of fruit residues which other-wise would be discarded as waste in the environment should be regarded as potential nutraceutic resources, capable of offering significant low-cost, nutritional dietary supplements.(9)
Fig. No 1: Orange Peel
Less should be wasted. Less chemical disruption of ecosystems. Less use of landfills, especially hazardous waste landfills.
1. Martin MA, Siles JA, Chika AF et al, Biomethanization of orange peel waste, biosource technology, vol-101 issue 23, 2010, 133-140.
2. K. ould yerou, K. Ibri, D. Bouhadi, et al, the use of orange peel as anti-microbial and antioxidant agent, jr. of fundamental and applied science, 2017, 9(3) 1351-1357.
3. A.E. Hegazy and M.I. Ibrahium et al, Antioxidant Activities of Orange Peel Extracts, World Applied Sciences Journal 18 (5): 684-688, 2012.
4. Amra Bratovcic, Effect of Temperature Extraction on the Potassium and Calcium Content in the Lemon and Orange Water Peel Extracts, Journal of Advances in Chemistry Vol 17 (2020) ISSN: 2321-807X.
5. Flavia Teixeira 1,2, Bruna Aparecida dos Santos 2, Graziela Nunes et al, Addition of Orange Peel in Orange Jam: Evaluation of Sensory, Physicochemical, and Nutritional Characteristics, Molecules 2020, 25, 1670.
6. Marion Gaff, Martine Esteban‐Decloux ,Pierre Giampaoli, Bitter orange peel essential oil: A review of the different factors and chemical reactions influencing its composition,flavour and fragrance journal, 2020, (3) 1340-1348.
7. Vincenzo Sicari, Teresa M. Pellicanò ,Valeria Laganà . Marco Poiana, Use of orange by‐products (dry peel) as an alternative gelling agent for marmalade production, Jr. of food processing and preservation, 2017(3) 1248-1257.
8. abdul khaliq suha,suha al-jowari,Ishrak abdul amer et al, Effect of orange peel powder (Citrus sinensis L.) on lipids profile in normal and experimentally-induced oxidative stress albino mice, Jr. of basic and applied research international, 2013, 19(79) 847-854.
9. Shafiya Rafique, rajkumari kaul, S. A. Sofi, et al. Citrus peel as a source of functional ingredient: A review, journal of Saudi society of agricultural sciences, 2018, (17) 351-358
Received on 21.09.2020 Modified on 12.10.2020
Accepted on 23.10.2020 ©AandV Publications All right reserved