Ethnopharmacological relevance: Martynia annua L (Martyniaceae) is a well-known aquatic plant which has been used for the treatment of several disorders including skin disease, cough, inflammation, fever and many other disorders. Aim of the study: To explore the immunomodulatory activity of extract of (MEMA) and (MEAC) of the plant. Materials and methods: The immunomodulatory activity of MEMA and MEAC was evaluated using various in vivo models including the total and differential leukocyte count (TLC and DLC), nitroblue-tetrazolium reduction (NBT) test, neutrophil adhesion test, phagocytic response and delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction. Sheep red blood cells (SRBC, 5 × 109 cells/ml) were used to immunize the animals. NNRE and NNSE at the doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg were administrated. Result: The TLC and lymphocyte count increased significantly but the neutrophil count was decreased for MEMA and MEAC treated groups compared to the control. A dose-dependent potentiation of DTH reaction induced by SRBC was observed from the extracts. The percentage of neutrophil adhesion to the nylon fiber was increased in MEMA treated groups (63.22 and 62.91%) compared to the MEAC treated group (54.86 and 54.23%). A potential phagocytic response was seen on treatment of the extracts, and significant changes were observed in the formation of formazone crystals. Conclusion: This finding suggests that the extract of rhizome and seed Martynia annua stimulate defense system by modulating several immunological parameters.
Cite this article:
Vivekanand Katare, Chandra Kishore Tyagi. Phytochemical and Pharmacological Evaluation of Martynia annua for Immunomodulatory Potential. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2020; 12(2): 94-100. doi: 10.5958/0975-4385.2020.00021.7