Plant kingdom plays a vital role in mans existence on earth. Nature provides a complete store house of remedies to cure all diseases and disorders of human beings. Plants had been used for medicinal purpose long before recorded history and substances derived from plants remains the basis for large proportion of commercial medications used in Ayurveda, homeopathy, naturopathic and in modern medicines. A complete understanding of medicinal plants includes botany, pharmacognosy, chemistry, enzymology and genetics. Psophocarpus tetragonalobus of the family Leguminosae or Fabaceae commonly known as winged bean attracts the attention as valuable crop because of its high nutritional value. About 95% of world food energy needs are provided by just 30% and 50% requirement of proteins is just from maize. wheat and rice. But there are many underutilized crops that contribute to nutrition and health of people. Psophocarpus tetragonalobus is one such twinning perennial legume which is rich in proteins. Its green pods, dried seeds freash leaves, flowers, and tuberous roots are rich in protein. The plant also possess various therapeutic activities like anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, antiulcer, antidiabetic and cytotoxic activity of which few are already been reported. This plant can therefore be considered as a medicinal plant for future benefits. With this concept in mind the present review aims to investigate various pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Psophocarpus tetragonalobus.
Cite this article:
Dhanya Rajan. A Review on Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological aspects of Psophocarpus tetragonalobus. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2018; 10(4): 331-335. doi: 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00053.5