The timing of various phenological activities such as germination, bud break, flowering, fruit dehiscence, and leaf drop is important for survival and reproductive success of many plant species. Abiotic environmental conditions such as rain, change in temperature, presence/absence of pollinators, competitors, and herbivores have been shown to play a significant role in timing of various phenological events. Natural selection has also been considered to play some role in determining the phenological patterns of plant species. Phenological studies are also important in understanding species interrelations and their interaction with the environment. Variations in phenophases among individuals of the same species or different species have been linked to environmental perturbations.
Cite this article:
Skand Kumar Mishra. Phenology and Dispersal Strategies of Tree and Shrubs of Tropical Forest Communities. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2018; 10(4): 320-323. doi: 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00051.1