Volume No. :   9

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2017

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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A Review: Coix lacryma jobi L.



Address:   Dr. Bhavna Patel1, Gopi Patel2*, Dr. Samir Shah3, Shraddha Parmar1
1Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Gujarat. India.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Sardar Patel College of Pharmacy, Bakrol, Gujarat, India.
3Department of Pharmacology, Sardar Patel College of Pharmacy, Bakrol, Gujarat, India.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00046.2

ABSTRACT:
The roots and seeds of Coix lacryma-jobi L.are utilized for Medicinal, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic Preparations and Dietary Supplements.There are two main varieties of the species, one wild and one cultivated. The wild variety of Coix lacryma-jobi var. lacryma-jobi has hard-shelled, pearly white, oval structures used as beads for making rosaries, necklaces and other objects. The cultivated variety Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen is harvested as a cereal crop, has a soft shell, and is used medicinally in parts of Asia. World-wide, this plant is best known for those pods (pericarps), which have a hole naturally occurring at each end, making them a useful source of beads for stringing.Seeds stringing is known "VAIJANTI MALA". The seeds (caryopses) of Coix lacryma-jobi L. are used as a source of food. Coix is the common name for the Chinese medicinal material Coix lacryma-jobi L. seed (Health Benefits of Job’s tears). Seed of Coix lacryma-jobi L.contains 50-79 % Starch,16-19 % Proteins, 2-7% Fixed Oil, Lipids (5.67%Glycolipid, 1.83% Phospholipid, Sterols), Fatty acids (Palmitic acid (PubChem CID:985), Steric acid(PubChemCID:5281), Oleic acid (PubChem CID: 445639), and Linoleic acid (PubChem CID: 5280450).This plant possess many traditional uses such as decrees blood cholesterol level, anti – inflammatory, anti – oxidant, hypolipidemic, anti-cancerand mensuration disorder in women etc. Coix lacryma-jobi L. plant has significant medicinal value in human. This review helps to evaluate and establish the various medicinal use of plant in various diseases.
KEYWORDS:
Coix lacryma-jobi, Poaceae, Phytonutrients, Starch, Lipid, Protein, Fixed oil.
Cite:
Bhavna Patel, Gopi Patel, Samir Shah, Shraddha Parmar. A Review: Coix lacryma jobi L. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2017; 9(4): 248-252.
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