Volume No. :   9

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2017

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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Pharmacognostic, Physicochemical and Phytochemical investigation of Leaves of Duranta repens Linn

Address:   Puri Abhijeet V1*, Ansari Yunus N1, Puri Priti A2
1St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research Vevoor, Manor Road, Palghar 401404.
2Bombay College of Pharmacy, Kalina, Santacruz (E), Mumbai 400 098.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00026.7

Objective: The study was designed to investigate pharmacognostic characteristic of Duranta repenes Linn. (Verbenaceae) Leaves, a critical plant in the Indian system of medicine. Methods: The macroscopy, microscopy, physiochemical analysis and fluorescence study of dried leaves powder and other WHO suggested parameters of standardization were carried out. Results: Leaves are simple with petioles, ovate to oblong-ovate, with serrate margin and cute apex. Leaf venation indicates brachidodrome; pinnate. The leaf surface demonstrates the anisocytic sort stomata, veins, vein islet and vein termination. Transverse section of leaf demonstrates the epidermis layer covered with cuticle and vascular bundles (xylem and phloem) in the midrib region. The mesophyll region is separated into palisade and light parenchyma cells with raphides of calcium oxylate crystals. Epidermis shows presence of Uniseriate, unicellular covering trichomes. Segments of collenchymas was observed in midrib towards epidermis or aligned to epidermis. Conclusions: It can be presumed that the pharmacognostic profile of the Duranta repenes Linn might be supportive in creating standards for quality, purity and sample identification.
Duranta repens; Verbenaceae; Microscopical characters, phytochemical Screening.
Puri Abhijeet V, Ansari Yunus N, Puri Priti A. Pharmacognostic, Physicochemical and Phytochemical investigation of Leaves of Duranta repens Linn. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2017; 9(3): 141-146.
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