Author(s): Hammuel C, Anyim B P, Raplong H H, Inekwe U V, Batari M L

Email(s): chrizoy2k@yahoo.com

DOI: Not Available

Address: Hammuel C.1*, Anyim B. P.2, Raplong H.H.3, Inekwe U.V.1 and Batari M.L.1
1Department of Basic Research, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.
2Textile Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.
3Department of Environmental Engineering, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author .

Published In:   Volume - 6,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2014


ABSTRACT:
The extracts obtained from this plant were subjected to be screened for phytochemical constituents and in vitro investigation of methanol and aqueous extracts. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of saponins, phlabatanins, flavonoids, and alkaloids. Glycoside and cardiac glycoside, tannins and sterols were in traced amount. The in vitro antibacterial investigation of the crude extract was conducted. The studies showed that the plant contains compounds that have antibacterial activity. The extracts revealed greater potential against the test bacteria with zones of inhibition ranging from 20-30mm for methanol extract in the order Escherichia coli>Klebsiella penumoniae>Proteus mirabilis>Bacillus subtilis>Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 18-27mm for aqueous extract in the order Escherichia coli> Bacillus subtilis> Klebsiella penumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa> Proteus mirabilis. All the bacteria were more susceptible to methanol extract than the aqueous extract as indicated in the zones of inhibition with exception of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in which there was no inhibition. The aqueous extract had effect on all the test bacteria although having zones of inhibition lower than the methanol extract. The MIC of both the extracts range from 12.5-50mg/ml and the MBC range from 25-100mg/ml. Escherichia coli was more susceptibility to the both extracts and less was seen in the case of aqueous extract against Proteus mirabilis.


Cite this article:
Hammuel C, Anyim B P, Raplong H H, Inekwe U V, Batari M L. Phytochemical Screening and In Vitro Antibacterial Acitivity of Methanol and Aqueous Extracts of Acalypha Racemosa Leaves. Res. J. Pharmacognosy & Phytochem. 2014; 6(3): 118-121.


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Kavitha M, Vadivu R, Radha R

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2015.00037.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ravindra Singh, Aakanksha Tiwari

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2016.00036.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Bapu R. Thorat

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00017.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Punita R. Maurya, Swati R. Dhande, Yadunath M. Joshi, Vilasrao J. Kadam

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Baviskar H. P., Dhake G. T., Kasai M. A., Chaudhari N. B., Deshmukh T. A.

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00024.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Wissam Zam, Rim Harfouch, Al Dwiri Mais, Khwanda Rand

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00004.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Subhashis Debnath, M. Niranjan Babu, Mahesh Dega, Bharathi. K, Jyothsna. T, Revathi. D, Kishore Kumar. T.S

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): U. S. Jijith, C. R. Sudhakaran Nair, K. C. Ajithkumar, K. Pramod

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2016.00017.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Gomathi B , Anuradha R

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Praveen S Nayak, Shweta Nayak, Ranjan Shety, P Das

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Gottumukkala Krishna Mohan, Malavika Yadav, M Sandhya Rani, Kalakotla Shanker

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2016.00033.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Gaurav Kumar, Indu Sharma

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Chitra Shenoy, M B Patil, Ravi Kumar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. Mohan Raj*, Shahid Mohammed, Vinoth Kumar S, Santhosh Kumar C, Subal Debnath

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shantha Sheela Nagarajan, Muthusamy Periyannan , Radha Ramalingam

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2016.00013.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shruti Srivastava, Jatin Jaiswal, Hemendra Gautam, Sunil Singh, Surabhi Sharma

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shantha Sheela Nagarajan, Muthusamy Periyanna, Radha Ramalingam

DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385.2015.00036.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry (RJPP) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, devoted to pharmacognosy...... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/0975-4385 


Recent Articles




Tags