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Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  2

Year :  2014

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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Phytochemical Studies of Seeds of Tamarindus indica



Address:   Gaurav Kumar1, Indu Sharma2*
1H.O.D & Assistant Professor, The Dept. of Pharmacy, Satyam Polytechnic & Pharmacy College, Amritsar
2Assistant Professor (M. Pharm), The Dept. of Pharmacy, Satyam Polytechnic & Pharmacy College, Amritsar
The correspondence should be addressed to: Indu Sharma
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
The research work was conducted to investigate the phytochemical analysis of ethanolic, pet ether, water extract of seeds of Tamarindus indica. The study of medicinal plants opened the door to the development of purified and defined chemical compounds. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica, Fabaceae), a tropical fruit found in Africa and Asia is highly valued for its pulp. Tamarind fruit pulp has a sweet acidic taste due to a combination of high contents of tartaric acid and reducing sugars. The pulp is used for seasoning, in prepared foods, to flavor confections, curries and sauces, and as a major ingredient in juices and other beverages. Tamarind is the ripe fruit of the Tamarindus Indica tree, which is used as a condiment, or more precisely as an ‘acidulant’ like amchur. Each and every part of the Tamarind tree, especially the fruit is beneficial for the society. The sweetish acidic pulp of the fruit is a product of commercial importance. Phytochemical screening of ethanolic seed extracts and dry seeds water extract of Tmarindus indica is presented in Table-1. Tamarind seeds were powdered and extracted in a soxhlet extractor using ethanol, pet ether and water. The phytochemical analysis was carried out on ethanolic, Pet ether and water seed extract of Tamarindus indica and showed the presence of some bioactive compounds in the plant The extracts were concentrated under vacuum to obtain crude extracts. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins sapponins, tannins, phenolics, flavonoid in the ethanolic, pet ether and water extract of seeds of plant. Most of the chemical constituents was present in ethanolic extract of seeds of plant.
KEYWORDS:
Tamarindus indica, acidulant, chemical constituents, commercial, Phytochemical analysis
Cite:
Gaurav Kumar, Indu Sharma. Phytochemical Studies of Seeds of Tamarindus indica. Res. J. Pharmacognosy & Phytochem. 2014; 6(2):75-79.
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