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Volume No. :   3

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2011

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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Phytochemical Analysis of Aqueous Flower Extract of Hibiscus sadariffa (Zobo Flower)



Address:   1Obidoa, Onyechi*, 1Joshua, Parker Elijah, 1Egemole, John C. and 2Ikeyi Adachukwu
1Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
2Department of Science Laboratory Technology (Biochemistry Option), Institute of Management & Technology, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
The phytochemical analyses of Hibiscus sabdariffa was extensively carried out using Harborne method. The qualitative test of the phytochemical analyses revealed the presence of some secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, acidic compounds and steroids. Macronutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates and reducing sugars were also found to be present. The results of the analyses also revealed the differences in solubility of the phytochemicals and macronutrients in polar solvent (water). In this study, flavonoids, tannins and carbohydrates were found to be present in higher concentration. On the other hand, bioactive compounds such as glycosides, steroids, acidic compounds, proteins and reducing sugars were found to be present in moderate concentration while alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids and fats and oil were absent in the zobo flower.
KEYWORDS:
Hibiscus sabdariffa; Phytochemicals; Macronutrients; Zobo.
Cite:
Obidoa, Onyechi, Joshua, Parker Elijah, Egemole, John C., Ikeyi Adachukwu. Phytochemical Analysis of Aqueous Flower Extract of Hibiscus sadariffa (Zobo Flower). Research J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2011; 3(4): 169-173.
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