Volume No. :   3

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2011

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Annona squamosa Linn - A Review

Address:   Satish Kumar B.N.*, Gobinda Mohan Behera, Malay Baidya
Gautham College of Pharmacy, Sulthanpalya, R.T .Nagar, Bangalore-32, Karnataka
*Corresponding Author:

This review gives an account of the current knowledge on the pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, and pharmacological aspects of Annona squamosa Linn. (Annonaceae), Sugar apple. A wide range of Phyto constituents mainly alkaloids, terpenoids and phenolics, kaurane type diterpenes, quercitin and many more compounds and whose activities are been proved. Different parts of the plant have been used in traditional medicine, roots as Purgative, useful in mental depression; fruits as Haematinic, Cooling, sedative, vomiting, cough, malignant tumor and strengthening muscles; seeds as abortifacient, useful in destroying lice in the hair; bark as atonics; leaves- crushed leaves are applied on ulcers and wounds and a leaf decoction is taken in cases of dysentery. Phytoconstituents like (-)-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid and 16a,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid known to posses Anticancer activity, Cyclic peptide, Cyclosquamosin B, has Vasorelaxant activity, Annonaine possess Antifungal activity, which are consistent with the reported uses of the plant extracts in the indigenous system of medicine. Hence the present article includes the detailed exploration of morphology, phytochemistry, and pharmacological aspects of entire plant of Annona squamosa L. in an attempt to provide a direction for further research.
Annona squamosa, pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, pharmacological activity.
Satish Kumar B.N., Gobinda Mohan Behera, Malay Baidya. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Annona squamosa Linn - A Review . Research J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2011; 3(3): 93-102.
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