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Volume No. :   3

Issue No. :  1

Year :  2011

ISSN Print :  0975-2331

ISSN Online :  0975-4385


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Natural Plant Products with Potential Antimicrobial Activity

Address:   Pradeep Sahu1*, Munglu Matlam1, Ravindra Dhar Dubey1, Shweta Paroha2, Shilpi Chatterji1, Shekhar Verma1 and Tanushree Chatterjee1
1Institute of Pharmacy, RITEE, Chhatauna, Mandir Hasaud, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
2Siddhi Vinayaka Institute of Technical Sciences, Mangla, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India.
*Corresponding Author:

The use of and search for drugs and dietary supplements derived from plants have accelerated in recent years. Ethno pharmacologists, botanists, microbiologists, and natural-products chemists are combing the Earth for phytochemicals and “leads” which could be developed for treatment of infectious diseases. While 25 to 50% of current pharmaceuticals are derived from plants. Traditional healers have long used plants to prevent or cure infectious conditions; Western medicine is trying to duplicate their successes. Plants are rich in a wide variety of secondary metabolites, such as tannins, terpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids, which have been found in vitro to have antimicrobial properties. This review attempts to summarize the current status of botanical screening efforts, as well as in vivo studies of their effectiveness and toxicity. The structure and antimicrobial properties of phytochemicals viz; Simple phenols and phenolic acids (spp.2) Quinones (spp.3) Flavones, flavonoids, and flavonol (spp.3), Tannins (spp.7) coumarins, (spp.1), Terpenoids and Essential Oils (spp.19), Alkaloids (spp.9) Lectins and polypeptides (spp.5) ,mixture (spp.4), other compounds (spp.1) and new antimicrobial plant origins (spp.7) are also addressed. Since many of these compounds are currently available as unregulated botanical preparations and their use by the public is increasing rapidly, clinicians need to consider the consequences of patients self-medicating with these preparations.
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Pradeep Sahu, Munglu Matlam, Ravindra Dhar Dubey, Shweta Paroha, Shilpi Chatterji, Shekhar Verma, Tanushree Chatterjee. Natural Plant Products with Potential Antimicrobial Activity. Research J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2011; 3(1): 1-9.
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